The best material for a bone graft is your own bone, which most likely will come from your chin, the back part of your lower jaw or your hipbone. The hip is considered to be a better source because the hipbone has a lot of marrow, which contains bone-forming cells. There are also synthetic materials that can be used for bone grafting. Most bone grafts use a person’s own bone, possibly in combination with other materials.
To place the removed bone in the recipient site, little holes are drilled in the existing bone to cause bleeding. This is done because blood provides cells that help the bone heal. The block of bone that was removed will be anchored in place with titanium screws. A mixture of the patient’s bone marrow and some other bone-graft material will then be placed around the edges of bone block. Finally, a membrane is placed over the area and the incision closed.
The bone graft will take about 6 to 12 months to heal before dental implants can be placed. At that time, the titanium screws used to anchor the bone block in place will be removed before the implant is placed. It is usually taken from pilot holes or the chin. Barriers are used in covering the grafting material in early process of healing. They are made from cow skin, human skin or synthetic materials.
After it is placed, gums will be taken back over it and stitched into that certain place.